Reagents

Acetic acid HOAc,CH3COOH, 100%=17.4M, Mw=60.04g/mol, d=1.05g/mL

Acetic anhydride Ac2O,(CH3CO)2O, 100%=10.6M, Mw=102.1g/mol, d=1.08g/mL

Acetonitrile CH3CN, Mw=41.05g/mol, d=0.78g/mL

Acetyl chloride AcCl,CH3COCl, 100%=17.5M, Mw=79.49g/mol, d=1.104g/mL

Ammonia NH3(aq)

Ammonia, 1M 1 mL 25% NH3 + 12.4 mL H2O

Ammonium molybdate, tetrahydrate (NH4)6Mo7O24x4 H2O, Mw 1235.86g/mol

Ascorbic acid C6H8O6, Mw=176.12g/mol

Borane 4-methylmorpholine complex Mw=114.98g/mol (Aldrich 26,232-3) Chloroform CHCl3, Mw=119.38g/mol, d=1.492g/mL, Bp=61°

Copper sulphate, anhydrous CuSO4, Mw=159.60g/mol

2,2-Dimethoxypropane CH3C(OCH3)2CH3, Mw=104.15g/mol, d=0.847g/mL, Bp=83°

Dimsyl sodium, 2M CH3SOCH2 --Na+

Ethanol EtOH,CH3CH2OH

Ethyl acetate EtOAc, CH3COOC2H5

N-ethyl-N-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-carbodiimide hydrochloride Mw=191.71g/mol

Ethylene glycol (ethandiol) C2H4(OH)2, Mw=62.07g/mol, d=1.11, 18M

Hydrochloric acid HCl(aq)

Hydrochloric acid, 4M 1 mL conc. HCl(aq) + 2mL water

Hydrogen chloride HCl(g)

Hydrogen chloride, 1M in methanol Add 0.71 mL acetyl chloride to 9.29 mL methanol.

Hydrogen fluoride HF, Mw=20.01g/mol, Bp 19°

Lithium borohydride LiBH4, Mw=21.79g/mol

Methanol MeOH, CH3OH

Methyl iodide MeI, CH3I, Mw=141.93, 100%=16.1M

2-(4-Morpholino-)ethanesulfonic acid (MES) Mw=213.26g/mol

2-(4-Morpholino-)ethanesulfonic acid, 0.2M 42 mg/mL gives 0.2M Perchloric acid HClO4

Phosphate buffer, pH 5.8 Stock solution
using potassium dihydrogen phosphate, KH2PO4Take 252 mg per 10 mL for a 200 mM final concentration of buffer. using disodium hydrogen phosphate, Na2HPO4Take 20.3 mg per 10 mL for a 200 mM final concentration of buffer. One part of stock solution is diluted tenfold before use.

Potassium dihydrogen phosphate KH2PO4, Mw 136.09

Pyridine C5H5N Silver carbonate Ag2CO3, Mw=275.75g/mol

Sodium borohydride, NaBH4, Mw=37.83g/mol

Sodium borohydride, 0.25M in 1M NH3(aq) 10mg NaBH4 in 10mL 1 M NH3(aq)
Keep at all times in refrigerator

Sodium carbonate Na2CO3

Sodium hydroxide NaOH, Mw=40.00g/mol

Sodium hydroxide, 4M 16g/100mL - mix with ~80mL ice, then add water to 100mL

Sodium periodate NaIO4, Mw=213.9g/mol

Sodium periodate, 30mM Take 64 mg and dissolve in 10 mL water

Sodium potassium tartrate NaKC4H4O6

Sodium thiosulfate, Na2S2O3x5_FORMULA(H20), Mw=248.18g/mol

Sodium thiosulfate, 1 M, Dissolve 15.8g penta-hydrate in 100mL water

Sulphuric acid, conc. H2SO4, 95-98%, d=1.84g/mL, 18.8M

Sulphuric acid, 3M Take 1 volume conc H2SO4 and 5 volumes of water

Superhydride, (Lithium triethyl borohydride) LiB(C2H5)3H, 1M in tetrahydrofuran

Tetrahydrofurane, THF C4H8O, Mw=72.11g/mol, d=0.88g/mL

Toluene C6H5CH3

Trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) CF3COOH, 100%=13.1M, Mw=114.00g/mol

Trifluoroacetic acid (TFA), 0.5M 1 mL 100% TFA + 25 mL H2O

Trifluoroacetic acid (TFA), 2M 1 mL 100% TFA + 5.5 mL H2O